Vioxx, What is Rofecoxib? | Drug Reactions | Market Withdrawal FDA Health Advisory

Vioxx, What is Rofecoxib?

Rofecoxib is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that was used in the treatment of osteoarthritis, acute pain conditions, and dysmenorrhoea. Formerly marketed by Merck & Co. under the trade names Vioxx, Ceoxx and Ceeoxx, it was voluntarily withdrawn from the market in 2004 because of concerns about increased risk of heart attack and stroke.

Rofecoxib was one of the most widely used drugs ever to be withdrawn from the market. Worldwide, over two million people were prescribed Vioxx at the time.

In the year before withdrawal, Merck had a sales revenue of US$2.5 billion from Vioxx.Rofecoxib was available on prescription as tablets and as an oral suspension.