Employment is a contract between two parties, one being the employer and the other being the employee. In a commercial setting, the employer conceives of a productive activity, generally with the intention of creating profits, and the employee contributes labour to the enterprise, usually in return for payment of wages.
Employment also exists in the public, nonprofit and household sectors.
In the United States, the “standard” employment contract is considered to be at-will meaning that the employer and employee are both free to terminate the employment at any time and for any cause, or for no cause at all.
To the extent that employment or the economic equssivalent is not universal, unemployment exists.
Employment Law is the branch of the legal profession that deals with Employment Related Issues.
Employment Law exists in many countries, including the USA and the United Kingdom.
Employment Law in the U.S. is largely governed by the common law rule of “At Will Employment“, that is, that an employment relationship can be terminated by either party at any time for any reason, including a good reason, a bad reason or no reason at all.
Exceptions to this rule can be found in various Federal Employment Law Statutes, including Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (and amendments), Title I of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, the Family and Medical Leave Act 0f 1993, and numerous state laws with additional protections. The Fair Labor Standards Act regulates minimum wages and overtime pay for certain employees who work more than 40 hours in a work week.
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